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IAP publishes statistical analysis of deaths between 2000 and 2011

In October 2011, the Panel published its first statistical analysis of all deaths in state custody between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2010.  The report showed there were 5,998 recorded deaths in state custody in that period, which was an average of 545 deaths per year.  The IAP made a commitment to publish an annual update and to build on the depth of analysis in the report. This year we have worked with the CQC Intelligence Team who attempted to analyse, from the available data, whether there is evidence of disproportionality of deaths in all custodial settings by type of death (natural/non-natural) and by gender.  Due to the lack of detail provided in population breakdowns for some sectors it was only possible for CQC to standardise the data by gender.  Following consultation with CQC and a range of stakeholders, the Panel has decided not to include that analysis because it is missing standardisation by age and ethnicity and could, therefore, present an inaccurate picture.  The process of analysis and discussion has led to some delay in publishing this report but we are in a position to specify more clearly what is required from the sectors to fully standardise the data in future.  The analysis in this report draws on comparison of raw values. This report has been structured to provide a focus on deaths in custody data for 2011, whilst looking at recent trends between 2009 and 2011 and the wider context of deaths in state custody between 2000 and 2011.       The report shows a breakdown of all recorded deaths in the following sectors:

  • Prisons and Young Offender Institutes (YOIs)
  • Police
  • Immigration Removal Centres
  • Approved Premises
  • Secure Children’s Homes (SCHs)
  • Secure Training Centres (STCs)
  • Whilst not specifically a custodial sector, the report also contains data on the deaths of patients who died in hospitals whilst detained under the Mental Health Act (MHA).
 This report contains data, where available, on the following:
  •  Natural cause deaths broken down by age, gender and ethnicity;
  • Self-inflicted deaths broken down by age, method, gender and ethnicity;
  • Homicides broken down by age, gender and ethnicity;
  • Restraint deaths broken down by age, gender and ethnicity;
  • Other causes of death broken down by gender and;
  • Data on the average annual populations and/or throughput in each sector in order to provide some context to the number of deaths.

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